You're probably looking ahead to going on the academic job market in case you're working on your dissertation or have just completed graduate school.  Of course, this means preparing your CV, research statement, and statement of teaching. There's more to your application, though. You must familiarize yourself with the instituion in order to tailor your cover letter to show why you're a good fit for that institution each time you apply for a position. Understand the varying types of institutions: liberal-arts colleges, master's-level universities, doctoral institutions, and community colleges. As well as your match to the institution itself, you must demonstrate your match to the particular type of institution. Search committees see their institution as unique; your application must demonstrate your fit to each institution. Let's take a look at the different types of institutions. Note that there is a considerable degree of variance among institutions within the same category.  Not all doctoral granting (or master's etc.) universities have the same expectations of faculty, in other words. Universities that grant the doctoral degree typically offer a wide range of baccalaureate programs, and they are committed to graduate education through the doctorate.

Types of colleges and universities

Doctoral granting universities vary to the extent that they emphasize and support faculty research, but all require faculty to do at least some publishing in peer reviewed journals. You will be asked to mentor graduate students, sit on comprehensive examination and thesis/dissertation committees as a faculty member at a doctoral granting university and teach graduate and sometimes undergraduate courses while maintaining an active. Universities that grant masters degrees (but not doctoral degrees) offer a wide range of baccalaureate programs, and are committed to graduate education through the master's degree. The extent to which master's colleges and universities emphasize and support faculty research varies moreso than is true for doctoral granting universities. The extent of scholarly activity expected varies among universities although most require faculty to do at least some publishing in peer reviewed journals and presentations at regional and national conferences. You may be asked to mentor graduate students, sit on comprehensive examination and thesis committees, and teach graduate and undergraduate courses while conducting at least some research as a faculty member at a master's granting university. These institutions are primarily undergraduate colleges that place predominant emphasis on baccalaureate programs. They tend to award at least half of their baccalaureate degrees in liberal arts fields, such as the humanities (literature, the arts, and philosophy), history, and foreign languages. These institutions are primarily undergraduate colleges with major emphasis on baccalaureate programs.  They awarded less than half of their baccalaureate degrees in liberal arts fields during the period studied. Baccalaureate/Associate's Colleges: These institutions are undergraduate colleges where the majority of conferrals are below the baccalaureate level (associate's degrees and certificates). Bachelor's degrees accounted for at least ten percent of undergraduate awards during the period studied. This in general the most important things you have to know about types of colleges and universities.