Some others opt to pursue an alternative career path while some students who major in psychology go on to to become psychologists. Counseling is a popular specialty area that offers a diverse range of job opportunities.  Continue reading to learn more about how to become a counselor including what type of education you will need and the type of jobs you will find once you graduate in case you are still debating which option is best suited to your needs. First it is important to understand the different specialty areas that are available within the counseling profession. Educational and school counselors offer personal, educational, social and academic counseling services. The professionals often work in university settings, elementary or high school and may help students assess their abilities and resolve personal or social problems. The job may also involve working as part of a team that includes teachers and school administrators. Career counselors, more often known as vocational counselors,  help people make career decisions. They often conduct assessments to help people determine which jobs are best-suited to their needs, interests and talents. Career counselors also counsel clients to help them improve their job skills, practice interviewing and develop a resume.

How to become a counselor

Other job duties include aiding people who are experiencing work-related stress or burnout and supporting individuals who have lost their jobs. Addictions and behavioral counselors work with people suffering from addictions to things such as drugs, alcohol and gambling. Some counselors in this field specialize in working with individuals with a specific behavioral problem such as an eating disorder. Professors also may perform group therapy but often conduct individual counseling sessions. Furthermore these counselors help family members who have been impacted by the primary client's actions in addition to working with the person suffering from the addiction or behavioral problem. Mental health counselors work with people suffering from emotional or psychological distress and promote mental health. hey may work with individuals suffering from a range of problems including anxiety, phobias, depression, grief, esteem issues, trauma and other issues. Mental health counselors often work as part of a treatment team that might include physicians, psychologists and other health care professionals in addition to offering individual counseling. These professionals "...evaluate the strengths and limitations of individuals, provide personal and vocational counseling, offer case management support, and arrange for medical care, vocational training, and job placement” according to to theOccupational Outlook Handbook. They may also help individuals who have experienced an injury make the transition back into the workforce. Rehab counselors help their clients maximize their ability to live and work independently by serving as advocates for their clients and connecting them with other services.  Some counselors opt to become certified by a professional certification board in addition to earning state licensure.  The National Board for Certified Counselors offers a National Certified Counselor credential as well as certifications in sub-specialty areas. Start by doing some research on your State's educational and licensing requirements for different counseling specialty areas in case you are interested in becoming a counselor.